In recent years, many organizations have implemented Diversity & Inclusion policies. As we all know, sometimes this is done because everyone else is doing it and it’s necessary to ‘tick the box.’ Sometimes it’s done because the company considers it the right thing to do. Sometimes it’s done because it delivers better financial performance. Sometimes it’s done to both attract and retain talent, and sometimes it’s done for a mixture of all the above reasons.
Recently, Iceland passed a law requiring companies to prove they pay employees of both genders equally. By 2022, they hope that the gender pay gap will be closed. In March 2019, Philip Morris International became the first international company to be certified globally for equal pay by the independent third-party EQUAL-SALARY Foundation.
There are good reasons for being diversity-aware: there is a direct correlation between diversity (defined as a greater proportion of women and ethnically/culturally diverse individuals) in the leadership of large companies and financially strong performance. Companies in the top-quartile for gender diversity on executive teams were 21% more likely to outperform on profitability and 27% more likely to have superior value creation. The highest-performing companies on both profitability and diversity had more women in line (i.e., typically revenue-generating) roles than in staff roles on their executive teams.
According to a study by McKinsey, companies in the top-quartile for ethnic/cultural diversity on executive teams were 33% more likely to have industry-leading profitability. That this relationship continues to be strong suggests that inclusion of highly diverse individuals – and the myriad ways in which diversity exists beyond gender) – can be a key differentiator among companies.
We are richer, more humane, more productive and more sustainable when we embrace diversity and inclusion in organizations.
But what about bio-diversity, too?
Now, let’s extend the concept of diversity and inclusion more broadly from that of people and organizations to species and our planet. When we view Earth through the D&I lens, the situation is even more critical and more urgent.
Dramatic losses in biodiversity threaten our very existence. Some key statistics from scientists include the facts that:
- The Earth is undergoing a “mass extinction event,” the first since the dinosaurs disappeared some 65 million years ago, and only the sixth in the last half-a-billion years.
- About 41% of amphibian species and more than a quarter of mammals are threatened with extinction.
- About half of coral reefs have been lost in the last 30 years.
- Globally, monitored populations of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles and amphibians have declined in abundance by 60% on average between 1970 and 2014.
According to an in-depth study by Ceballos, Ehrlich & Dirzo, “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.” In the last few decades, there have been catastrophic declines in both the numbers and sizes of populations of both common and rare vertebrate species through habitat loss, over-exploitation, invasive organisms, pollution, toxification, and more recently climate disruption.
The new bottom line is that if we want to continue to flourish on this earth, we need to do something urgently, and here, organizations have a critical role to play – but only if they can move from denial to awareness, from defense to acceptance and from distraction to action. A good starting point is to look to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) covering 17 areas that address the global challenges we face including areas such as poverty, climate, equality and life on land and below water.
This is not beyond the scope of organizations, and utilizes mechanisms that they are already good at exercising and managing. Introducing D&I Policies to protect the planet, as well as people, could be a powerful way to signal hope, engage employees and make a difference to all living species – our own included.